Water is a vital element. About 70% of the human body is composed of water, and plants contain nearly 90% of water. However, we rely on some external sources to meet our bodies ’ water needs. Similarly, plants need water to grow and develop.
Irrigation is the process of artificially watering plants to meet their water needs. During the irrigation process, nutrients can also enter the plants. Various sources of irrigation water include wells, ponds, lakes, canals, tube wells, and even dams Irrigation provides water needed for growth, germination, and other related functions.
The irrigation frequency, rate, quantity, and time of different crops are different, and it also depends on soil type and time of year. For example, spring crops require more water than winter crops.
Following are the 2 innovative methods used for irrigation of crop
Drip Irrigation System
The drip irrigation system is usually used in arid areas because it can better use and protect water and fertilizers and allow water to penetrate through the dripper network to the roots of plants. Since the invention of the sprinkler in 1930, it has been regarded as the most important irrigation method in agriculture.
This is a very innovative irrigation system. It is based on the condensation of water, directing air through a turbine to an underground reservoir, while the air is cooled and condensed before entering the reservoir. Once the water enters, it is pumped into the drip irrigation system to provide water for the plants.
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